Khabbab reported that he asked, « O `Abdullah Ibn `Umar! Have you heard what Abu Hurairah says? He said he heard the Messenger of Allah say. « Those who leave their homes to attend a funeral prayer, say the funeral prayer and then follow the funeral procession until the body is buried, receive two kerat rewards, each of which is like the mountain of Uhud. And whoever says the funeral prayer and then goes home (this proves that a person does not need the permission of the family of the deceased to leave after attending the funeral) will receive a reward like Mount Uhud » (Muslim). Ibn `Umar sent Khabbab to `Aishah and asked him about Abu Huraira`s testimony. She said, « Abu Hurairah told the truth. » When Ibn `Umar was informed, he said, « We have indeed lost many kerats. » An ill-born fetus that is less than four months old cannot be washed or a funeral prayer for it. It should be wrapped in a piece of cloth and buried. On this point, the majority of lawyers agree. The Janaazah prayer (funeral prayer) is prescribed for both men and women because the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said that the reward for this is one Qiraat and two if followed until the funeral. (Hadith mentioned at the beginning of the lesson) ».
-4- It is reported by Abu Hurairah that the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said a funeral prayer and said: Allahummaghfir lihayatina wa mayatina wa saghirina wa kahirina wa zhakirina wa unthana. Allahumma man ahyatahu minna fa-ahyahu `alal Islam wa man tawafthu minna fa-tawafthu `ala iman. Allahumma la tahrimna ajrahu wa la tudalana ba`dahu. « O Allah! Forgive our living, our dead, our young, our elderly, our men and women, those of us who are present and those who are absent. O Allah! The one who stays among us to live, makes him live in Islam, and the one you let die, let him die in faith. O Allah! Do not deprive us of our reward for (supplication) and let us not go astray after him. This is narrated by Ahmad and Sunan`s other books. (Collections of authentic canonical hadiths) Ibn `Abbas reported: « I heard the Prophet, peace be upon him, who said: `When a Muslim dies and a group of forty people who have no one to associate with Allah pray for him, their prayer will be accepted and he will be forgiven.` This was narrated by Ahmad, Muslim and Abu Daw`ud. Al-Shaafa`i imposed a valid restriction on funeral prayer in absentia, which is that the one who says the funeral prayer for the deceased should be one of those who offered the prayer for him on the day of his death.
It is reported that Anas (R.A.) led a Janazah (funeral prayer) for a deceased man in which he stood next to his head. Then, the body of a deceased woman was taken to the Janazah (funeral prayer), where it was on the central part of her body. When asked, he said, « Here stood the Messenger of Allah (SAAS) with the body of a man and the body of a woman. » [Reporting by Imams Ahmad, Abu Dawood, Ibn Majah and At-Tirmithi] A person who misses part of a funeral prayer should make up for the takbirs missed one by one. It`s better, but if he can`t do it, there`s no harm. Ibn `Umar, Al-Hasan, Ayyub Al-Sukhtiani and Al-Awza`i believe that such a person is not obliged to repeat the missed takbirs, and that he should end his prayer with the greetings led by the Imam. Another hadith states that if a funeral prayer for a child is said with a woman, the boy should be placed closer to the imam and the woman next to him should be placed towards the qiblah. And if there are men, women and children, then children should be placed next to men. 2. That funeral prayer can be said in absentia for someone who has helped Muslims, such as a scholar whose knowledge has benefited the people, or a businessman whose wealth has benefited the people, or a mujaahid whose jihad has benefited the people, and so on. From the above, it is clear that the funeral prayer is prescribed in absentia because it is proved that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and his companions prayed for the negus, and there is no evidence that this is something that only applied to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). But the most reasonable views on this subject are twofold: a woman, like a man, can say a funeral prayer, individually or in congregation. In fact, once, when Umm `Abdullah said a funeral prayer for `Utbah, `Umar waited until it was finished.
`Aisha ordered that the body of Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas be brought to her so that she could say a funeral prayer about him. Tirmizhi said: Most of the learned companions of the Prophet (may Allah be pleased with them) and others followed and acted in accordance with the above example of the Prophet. They believe that four takbirs should be pronounced in a funeral prayer. These scholars include Sufyan, Malik, Ibn Al-Mubarak, Ash-Shafi`i, Ahmad and Ishaq. It is best for those who pray to divide into odd rows, with one person standing alone as imam in front of and facing the qiblah. The body is placed in front of the imam. If there is more than one body, they must be placed in front of the others. The spoken part of the prayer consists of quietly reciting Surah Al-Fatiha, then praying for God`s peace, mercy and blessings to Muhammad, and finally saying two Du`as.