The exercise of this right consists in advising and representing clients as a general practitioner or in a law firm. In most countries, law graduates are required to complete some form of apprenticeship, join a professional organization, and obtain a bachelor`s degree. Weber defined law narrowly in relation to the legal profession, referring to law as a normative order provided externally by specialized personnel, including police, prosecutors and judges. Under the conditions of modern societies, Weber argued that law in the formal sense is rationalized on the basis of procedures that apply equally to all. Legal practitioners have a special role to play in this context, as they are involved in the legal decision on the basis of the legal expertise acquired. The institutionalization of legal expertise ensures the specialized status of the jurist on the basis of the formal granting of such a monopoly by the State. In civil law countries, but also in some common law jurisdictions, there is a bar for all lawyers who wish to provide services to the public. But in the UK and some of its former colonies, there are two very different types of lawyers who provide legal services to the public. While in civil law countries there are usually clearly defined career paths in law, such as judges, in common law jurisdictions there is usually a legal profession, and it is not uncommon for a judge to be required to have several years of private practice of law. The pursuit of professional autonomy is one of the most critical and sociologically challenging features of the legal profession. This professional independence is a concrete expression of the autonomy of the law as a whole. Rooted in Montesquieu`s famous doctrine of the separation of powers, the ideal of legal autonomy finds its primary expression in the creation of an independent judiciary. Other manifestations of the autonomy of the law are foreseen in the work of the courts and, above all, in the professionalization of the legal composition.
The autonomy of the practice of law is reflected above all in the education and practice of law, as the legal profession has successfully controlled the admission and organization of law faculties and legal work. The legal profession is a profession, and lawyers study, develop and apply the law. Generally, it is required that a person who chooses to pursue a career in law first obtain a law degree or other form of legal education. Historically, this was the first legal specialization. In civil law countries, it is often a lifetime career. In the common law legal system, on the other hand, judges are recruited from among practising lawyers. The legal profession refers to all professional roles specifically designed to administer and maintain the legal system. The legal profession, which includes lawyers, judges, advisors and experts in legal and academic education, has been the subject of considerable reflection in the sociology of law.
This sociological interest corresponds to the enormous attention given to the legal profession in various areas of social law studies, including social sciences other than sociology, as well as jurisprudence, which in turn is the result of the successful monopolization of the exercise of legal functions and social position and the consequent closure of the legal profession. The fact that the legal profession is one of the most studied aspects of the institution of law is therefore a direct function of the professionalization of the legal role itself. While most academic research on the legal profession comes from jurisprudence and legal and social perspectives firmly rooted in legal education, there is also a strong sociological tradition that examines the social aspects of the legal profession from the perspective of a variety of theoretical orientations. A person who is educated as part of a regular program of legal studies and who has been admitted to practise. Any qualified person who pursues or defends cases in the courts or other courts of the United States or any of the states or provides legal advice or assistance with respect to any matter or matter.